Although founded in 1909 as a small settlement on the sand dunes North of Jaffa, Tel Aviv was envisaged as a future city from the start.
Its founders hoped that in contrast to what they perceived as the squalid and unsanitary conditions of neighbouring Arab towns, Tel Aviv was to be a clean and modern city, inspired by the European cities of Warsaw and Odessa.
busy streets, full restaurants, cafes open until 2 a.m., singing, music, and dancing.
Ben Gurion House was built in 1930–31, part of a new workers' housing development.On , the Jaffa Riots resulted in the deaths of 48 Arabs and 47 Jews and injuries to 146 Jews and 73 Arabs.In 1923, Tel Aviv was the first town to be wired to electricity in Palestine, followed by Jaffa later in the same year.The first water well was later dug at this site, located on what is today Rothschild Boulevard, across from Dizengoff House.The flag and city arms of Tel Aviv (see above) contain under the red Star of David 2 words from the biblical book of Jeremiah: "I (God) will build You up again and you will be rebuilt." (Jer 31:4) Tel Aviv was planned as an independent Hebrew city with wide streets and boulevards, running water for each house, and street lights.