And even in the Roman law, the clausurae were sometimes fictitious. The cloistered religious may not go outside their material cloister without permission, still, the religious man who transgresses this prohibition does not incur any ecclesiastical censure .
Finally, it may be added that it is for the provincial superior to fix the limits of the cloister and the point at which it begins, in comformity with the usages of his order and with the local needs; of course his power is limited by the dispositions of the law. In two cases, however, he would commit a grave sin : if his absence were prolonged (i.e.
The Congregation of Propaganda seems to have in this opinion its own, in decreeing that, in missionary countries, the law of cloister applies to the religious houses which belong to the mission, and which serve as a fixed dwelling for even two or three regular missionaries of the Latin Rite (Collectanea Propagandae Fidei, Replies of 26 Aug., 1780, and of 5 March, 1787, n. Strictly speaking, the whole enclosed space -- house and garden -- ought to be encloistered.
479) the houses where only two or three religious dwell permanently, and obseve their rule as they can, are subject to this law ; it is not necessary that the religious be in a number which secures them the privilege of exemption from the bishop's jurisdiction. On the other hand, the law of cloister does not apply to houses which are simply hired by religious, and which cannot therefore he looked upon as fixed and definitive homes, nor to the Villa-houses to which the religious go for recreation on fixed days or for a few weeks every year.
The English equivalent of the Latin word clausura (from claudere , "to shut up"). The church choir, and even the sacristy, when it is strictly contiguous to the church, are neutral territory, here women may enter, and the religious are free to go thither without special permission.
This word occurs in Roman law in the sense of rampart, barrier, [cf. It may be asked whether a strictly continuous material barrier is a necessary part of the clausura. Clausura) is of the opinion that a door which can be locked should separate the cloistered from the other parts of a house of religious.
If they are sent to follow a university course, they must reside in a religious house. Obstacle to the Entrance of Outsiders Women are strictly forbidden to enter the encloistered portions of a house of male religious. This excommunication is absolutely reserved to the Holy See ; it affects the women who enter as well as the superior or religious who admits them. The actual legislation distinguishes between religious orders and institutes with simple vows ; institutes of men and those of women. According to the present common law every convent or monastery of regulars must, on its completion, be encloistered. 11, we find it in the sense of "case", or "cupboard" ( Migne, P. In modern ecclesiastical usage, clausura signifies, materially, an enclosed space for religious retirement; formally, it stands for the legal restrictions opposed to the free egress of those who are cloistered or enclosed and to the free entry, or free introduction, of outsiders within the limits of the material clausura.For such visits a reasonable cause and a permission from the bishop is usally needed .The permission, however, is not required in case of those who, by virtue of their office, are obliged to have relations with a convent, viz.